Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that obstructs airflow from the lungs. It is most commonly caused by long-term exposure to irritating gases or particulate matter, primarily from cigarette smoke. Symptoms include breathing difficulty, cough, mucus production, and wheezing. COPD is a progressive disease that can cause serious long-term disability and early death.

Management of COPD includes avoiding tobacco smoke and other lung irritants, using prescribed medications to reduce symptoms and prevent flare-ups, pulmonary rehabilitation, managing stress, and staying physically active. Vaccination against influenza and pneumonia is also recommended to prevent complications.

Nutritional support, including a balanced diet with sufficient protein and calories, is important for maintaining health and managing COPD. Regular physical activity can help maintain lung function, and managing stress through relaxation techniques can also be beneficial.

Antioxidants like vitamins C and E can support lung health and may help reduce inflammation in COPD. Omega-3 Fatty Acids may also have anti-inflammatory effects, and Vitamin D is important for immune function and bone health, especially in individuals with COPD who may be at risk for deficiency. Consultation with a healthcare provider is essential before starting any supplements for COPD management.

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