Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by elevated blood glucose levels due to the body’s inability to produce or effectively use insulin. Type 2 diabetes is more common in men and is often linked to obesity, sedentary lifestyle, poor diet, and family history. Common symptoms include increased thirst and urination, unexplained weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision, slow-healing sores or frequent infections, and areas of darkened skin.

Managing diabetes involves monitoring blood glucose levels, adopting a healthy diet, regular physical activity, maintaining a healthy weight, and medication or insulin therapy when necessary. Regular check-ups and monitoring of blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and kidney function are also essential for individuals with diabetes.

A balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, lean protein, and whole grains, along with limiting refined carbohydrates and sugary foods, is essential for managing blood glucose levels. Regular physical activity, stress management, and avoiding tobacco and excessive alcohol are also crucial for managing diabetes.

Supplements like Omega-3 Fatty Acids, Fiber, and Magnesium can support blood glucose control and cardiovascular health. Vitamin D is essential for bone health and immune function, and some studies suggest it may play a role in insulin sensitivity. Chromium has been studied for its potential to enhance insulin activity. However, it’s crucial to discuss any supplements with a healthcare provider to ensure they are safe and appropriate.

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